Terrorisme og ekstremisme

Sjokket av en meningsmåling

Hver sjette innbygger i Frankrike støtter IS, altså 16 prosent. Men det er verre enn dette: hele 27 prosent av unge i alderen 18 – 24 år støtter IS. Dette må være den mest rystende meningsmålingen i Europa i etterkrigstiden.

Sjokkerende er det også at i Storbritannia, med en prosentvis langt lavere befolkningsandel som bekjenner seg til islam, støtter syv prosent av innbyggerne nå IS. Her er trenden motsatt: støtten utgjør fire prosent blan de unge, mens den stiger til 11 prosent i gruppen 35 – 44 år. I Tyskland er støtten melom tre og fire prosent i alle aldersgrupper.

Er vi allerede i en ny mellomkrigstid?

The survey also tested attitudes in Britain and Germany and found that 7% of British citizens responded favourably to ISIS. However, UK polling showed an inverse demographic trend to that of France, with support for ISIS rising with age. 4% of 18-24-year-olds saying they either strongly or somewhat support ISIS, compared to 6% of 24-35-year-olds surveyed and 11% of 35-44-year-olds. Positive attitudes to ISIS in Germany showed less divergence, remaining between 3% and 4% for all age groups.

Newsweek’s France Correspondent, Anne-Elizabeth Moutet, was unsurprised by the news. “This is the ideology of young French Muslims from immigrant backgrounds,” she said, “unemployed to the tune of 40%, who’ve been deluged by satellite TV and internet propaganda.” She pointed to a correlation between support for ISIS and rising anti-Semitism in France, adding that “these are the same people who torch synagogues”.

France is home to an estimated 5 million Muslims, largely of North African descent, who arrived from the 1950s onwards in the wake of France’s decolonisation and the 1970s ‘regroupement familiale‘ policy, which welcomed the families of migrant workers from ex-colonies.

ICM interviewed 3,007 respondents in Britain (1,000), France (1,006) and Germany (1,001) by telephone between 11th and 21st July this year, before the group released a video of an apparently British jihadist executing American journalist James Foley.